Psychiatry and the great fraud

Psychiatry and the great fraud

by Jon Rappoport

May 3, 2018

Warning: Suddenly withdrawing from psychiatric drugs can be very dangerous, even life-threatening. Withdrawal should be done gradually, supervised by a caring professional who knows what he’s doing. See

On the heels of my article celebrating the work of Dr. Peter Breggin, a hero who has exposed the lies of psychiatry, I am reprinting my article, from 2013, which details the fraud.

First, a new introduction.

The history of Western philosophy reveals two main preoccupations. For many centuries, the theme was: What is Deeper Reality? What does it look like? What can learn from it?

Then, in the 19th century, another theme took over: How do human beings perceive reality? How do humans know what they know? What is the nature of the apparatus of human perception?

Finally, as the nascent field of psychology emerged out of philosophy, the (unstated) question was: What are the factors that limit human perception and knowledge? What creates distortion in how humans view the world, other people, and themselves?

The answers were basically: neurosis and psychosis. These two general states of mind were ill-defined, and they weren’t supported by reasonable science. Eventually, as medical psychiatry took over from psychology, we saw a sudden expansion of so-called mental disorders. These purported states of mind were the reasons why humans were unable to perceive and know reality objectively.

However, even though we now have 300 (!) official mental disorders listed in the bible of psychiatry, the science behind them is sorely lacking. It is bankrupt.

Therefore, we are looking at a program of opinion and propaganda, and this program has the effect of making people believe they are deficient in serious ways; they are limited; they have brain-function flaws; and they must receive chemical treatment.

That’s quite a journey—all the way from asking What Is Reality, to You Must Take This Medicine.

Is it any wonder that our culture has undergone such a decline?

And now, here is my 2013 article:

—Let’s screen everybody to find out if they have mental disorders. Let’s diagnose as many people as possible with mental disorders and give them toxic drugs—

Wherever you see organized psychiatry operating, you see it trying to expand its domain and its dominance. The Hippocratic Oath to do no harm? Are you kidding?

The first question to ask is: do these mental disorders have any scientific basis? There are now roughly 300 of them. They multiply like fruit flies.

An open secret has been bleeding out into public consciousness for the past ten years.


No defining blood tests, no urine tests, no saliva tests, no brain scans, no genetic assays.

And along with that:

ALL SO-CALLED MENTAL DISORDERS ARE CONCOCTED, NAMED, LABELED, DESCRIBED, AND CATEGORIZED by a committee of psychiatrists, from menus of human behaviors.

Their findings are published in periodically updated editions of The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), printed by the American Psychiatric Association.

For years, even psychiatrists have been blowing the whistle on this hazy crazy process of “research.”

Of course, pharmaceutical companies, who manufacture highly toxic drugs to treat every one of these “disorders,” are leading the charge to invent more and more mental-health categories, so they can sell more drugs and make more money.

In a PBS Frontline episode, Does ADHD Exist?, Dr. Russell Barkley, an eminent professor of psychiatry and neurology at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center, unintentionally spelled out the fraud.

PBS FRONTLINE INTERVIEWER: Skeptics say that there’s no biological marker—that it [ADHD] is the one condition out there where there is no blood test, and that no one knows what causes it.

BARKLEY: That’s tremendously naïve, and it shows a great deal of illiteracy about science and about the mental health professions. A disorder doesn’t have to have a blood test to be valid. If that were the case, all mental disorders would be invalid…There is no lab test for any mental disorder right now in our science. That doesn’t make them invalid.

Oh, indeed, that does make them invalid. Utterly and completely. All 297 mental disorders. Because there are no defining tests of any kind to back up the diagnosis.

Dear Psychiatry: You can sway and tap dance and bloviate all you like and you won’t escape the noose around your neck. We are looking at a science that isn’t a science. That’s called fraud. Rank fraud.

There’s more. Under the radar, one of the great psychiatric stars, who has been out in front inventing mental disorders, went public. He blew the whistle on himself and his colleagues. And for years, almost no one noticed.

His name is Dr. Allen Frances, and he made VERY interesting statements to Gary Greenberg, author of a Wired article: “Inside the Battle to Define Mental Illness.” (Dec.27, 2010).

Major media never picked up on the interview in any serious way. It never became a scandal.

Dr. Allen Frances is the man who, in 1994, headed up the project to write the latest edition of the psychiatric bible, the DSM-IV. This tome defines and labels and describes every official mental disorder. The DSM-IV eventually listed 297 of them.

In an April 19, 1994, New York Times piece, “Scientist At Work,” Daniel Goleman called Frances “Perhaps the most powerful psychiatrist in America at the moment…”

Well, sure. If you’re sculpting the entire canon of diagnosable mental disorders for your colleagues, for insurers, for the government, for Pharma (who will sell the drugs matched up to the 297 DSM-IV diagnoses), you’re right up there in the pantheon.

Long after the DSM-IV had been put into print, Dr. Frances talked to Wired’s Greenberg and said the following:

“There is no definition of a mental disorder. It’s bullshit. I mean, you just can’t define it.”


That’s on the order of the designer of the Hindenburg, looking at the burned rubble on the ground, remarking, “Well, I knew there would be a problem.”

After a suitable pause, Dr. Frances remarked to Greenberg, “These concepts [of distinct mental disorders] are virtually impossible to define precisely with bright lines at the borders.”

Frances might have been obliquely referring to the fact that his baby, the DSM-IV, had rearranged earlier definitions of ADHD and Bipolar to permit many MORE diagnoses, leading to a vast acceleration of drug-dosing with highly powerful and toxic compounds.

If this is medical science, a duck is a rocket ship.

To repeat, Dr. Frances’ work on the DSM IV allowed for MORE toxic drugs to be prescribed, because the definitions of Bipolar and ADHD were expanded to include more people.

Adverse effects of Valproate (given for a Bipolar diagnosis) include:

* acute, life-threatening, and even fatal liver toxicity;

* life-threatening inflammation of the pancreas;

* brain damage.

Adverse effects of Lithium (also given for a Bipolar diagnosis) include:

* intercranial pressure leading to blindness;

* peripheral circulatory collapse;

* stupor and coma.

Adverse effects of Risperdal (given for “Bipolar” and “irritability stemming from autism”) include:

* serious impairment of cognitive function;

* fainting;

* restless muscles in neck or face, tremors (may be indicative of motor brain damage).

Dr. Frances self-admitted label-juggling act also permitted the definition of ADHD to expand, thereby opening the door for greater and greater use of Ritalin (and other similar amphetamine-like compounds) as the treatment of choice.

So…what about Ritalin?

In 1986, The International Journal of the Addictions published a most important literature review by Richard Scarnati. It was called “An Outline of Hazardous Side Effects of Ritalin (Methylphenidate)” [v.21(7), pp. 837-841].

Scarnati listed a large number of adverse effects of Ritalin and cited published journal articles which reported each of these symptoms.

For every one of the following (selected and quoted verbatim) Ritalin effects, there is at least one confirming source in the medical literature:

* Paranoid delusions
* Paranoid psychosis
* Hypomanic and manic symptoms, amphetamine-like psychosis
* Activation of psychotic symptoms
* Toxic psychosis
* Visual hallucinations
* Auditory hallucinations
* Can surpass LSD in producing bizarre experiences
* Effects pathological thought processes
* Extreme withdrawal
* Terrified affect
* Started screaming
* Aggressiveness
* Insomnia
* Since Ritalin is considered an amphetamine-type drug, expect amphetamine-like effects
* Psychic dependence
* High-abuse potential DEA Schedule II Drug
* Decreased REM sleep
* When used with antidepressants one may see dangerous reactions including hypertension, seizures and hypothermia
* Convulsions
* Brain damage may be seen with amphetamine abuse.

Let’s go deeper. In the US alone, there are at least 300,000 cases of motor brain damage incurred by people who have been prescribed so-called anti-psychotic drugs (aka “major tranquilizers”). Risperdal (mentioned above as a drug given to people diagnosed with Bipolar) is one of those major tranquilizers. (source: Toxic Psychiatry, Dr. Peter Breggin, St. Martin’s Press, 1991)

This psychiatric drug plague is accelerating across the land.

Where are the mainstream reporters and editors and newspapers and TV anchors who should be breaking this story and mercilessly hammering on it week after week? They are in harness.

Thank you, Dr. Frances.

Here’s a coda:

This one is big.

The so-called “chemical-imbalance theory of mental illness is dead.

Dr. Ronald Pies, the editor-in-chief emeritus of the Psychiatric Times, laid the theory to rest in the July 11, 2011, issue of the Times with this staggering admission:

“In truth, the ‘chemical imbalance’ notion was always a kind of urban legend — never a theory seriously propounded by well-informed psychiatrists.”



However…urban legend? No. For decades the whole basis of psychiatric drug research, drug prescription, and drug sales has been: “we’re correcting a chemical imbalance in the brain.”

The problem was, researchers had never established a normal baseline for chemical balance. So they were shooting in the dark. Worse, they were faking a theory. Pretending they knew something when they didn’t.

In his 2011 piece in Psychiatric Times, Dr. Pies tries to cover his colleagues in the psychiatric profession with this fatuous remark:

“In the past 30 years, I don’t believe I have ever heard a knowledgeable, well-trained psychiatrist make such a preposterous claim [about chemical imbalance in the brain], except perhaps to mock it…the ‘chemical imbalance’ image has been vigorously promoted by some pharmaceutical companies, often to the detriment of our patients’ understanding.”

Absurd. First of all, many psychiatrists have explained and do explain to their patients that the drugs are there to correct a chemical imbalance.

And second, if all well-trained psychiatrists have known, all along, that the chemical-imbalance theory is a fraud…

…then why on earth have they been prescribing tons of drugs to their patients…

…since those drugs are developed on the false premise that they correct a chemical imbalance?

Here’s what’s happening. The honchos of psychiatry are seeing the handwriting on the wall. Their game has been exposed. They’re taking heavy flack on many fronts.

The chemical-imbalance theory is a fake. There are no defining physical tests for any of the 300 so-called mental disorders. All diagnoses are based on arbitrary clusters or menus of human behavior. The drugs are harmful, dangerous, toxic. Some of them induce violence. Suicide, homicide. Some of the drugs cause brain damage.

Psychiatry is a pseudoscience.

So the shrinks have to move into another model, another con, another fraud. And they’re looking for one.

For example, genes plus “psycho-social factors.” A mish-mash of more unproven science.

“New breakthrough research on the functioning of the brain is paying dividends and holds great promise…” Professional propaganda.

It’s all gibberish, all the way down.

Meanwhile, the business model demands drugs for sale.

So even though the chemical-imbalance nonsense has been discredited, it will continue on as a dead man walking, a zombie.

Big Pharma isn’t going to back off. Trillions of dollars are at stake.

And in the wake of Aurora, Colorado, Sandy Hook, the Naval Yard, and other mass shootings, the hype is expanding: “we must have new community mental-health centers all over America.”

More fake diagnosis of mental disorders, more devastating drugs.

You want to fight for a right? Fight for the right of every adult to refuse medication. Fight for the right of every parent to refuse medication for his/her child.

The Matrix Revealed

(To read about Jon’s mega-collection, The Matrix Revealed, click here.)

Jon Rappoport

The author of three explosive collections, THE MATRIX REVEALED, EXIT FROM THE MATRIX, and POWER OUTSIDE THE MATRIX, Jon was a candidate for a US Congressional seat in the 29th District of California. He maintains a consulting practice for private clients, the purpose of which is the expansion of personal creative power. Nominated for a Pulitzer Prize, he has worked as an investigative reporter for 30 years, writing articles on politics, medicine, and health for CBS Healthwatch, LA Weekly, Spin Magazine, Stern, and other newspapers and magazines in the US and Europe. Jon has delivered lectures and seminars on global politics, health, logic, and creative power to audiences around the world. You can sign up for his free NoMoreFakeNews emails here or his free OutsideTheRealityMachine emails here.

35 comments on “Psychiatry and the great fraud

  1. Eliza Ayres says:

    Reblogged this on Blue Dragon Journal and commented:
    There you have it, psychiatry is a fraud, a pseudoscience. So why is it being used? For control.

  2. Terry Schiller says:

    For me, this is the most important article you’ve ever written. Thank you.

  3. ann says:

    “No More Fake News”, huh?
    “Aurora, Colorado, Sandy Hook, the Naval Yard, and other mass shootings” are all government hoaxes. Are you a dupe or an agent?

    • Roy says:

      Human, do you really think that anyone in power in this country really gives a damn about those kids or any others? Sister, everything is going as planned, and maybe, just maybe, just as it’s your turn to step into the gas chamber, you might finally ask yourself, ‘what the hell is going on?’, but I very much doubt it.

    • Freespirit says:

      Succinct and well-stated,”ann” as is your other comment below

  4. ErnieM says:

    Clear analysis and important work, Jon, thank you! I tend to think that the problem is with the capitalist motivation of big pharma. Isn’t that the driving, sustaining force, as with “medicine” in general? My view is that medicine, including psychiatry, should be socialized, as should military production and banking. I realize that putting things in govt. hands, tho it gets rid of the profit motive, can still be very dangerous WITHOUT GOOD GOVERNMENT. So what is the answer? How can a more sane, reality-oriented future be fostered in this arena?

    • John says:

      “Good government,” now that has to be the greatest oxymoron ever written down, lmao, naivite is multiplying like rabbits now.

      • ErnieM says:

        “Moron” and “naive” apply to those who think people can’t get together and form an organization for the common good and defense with established rules–government. It is doubtful and unproven that society can even exist nowadays without government. So you like being poisoned by Monsanto? It is lack of real government oversight and protection that allows its predations.

  5. Christine says:

    So much corruption in all areas of our society is coming to light. This “medical” fraud perpetrated on innocent people must be exposed and no longer suppressed by those whose primary goal is power and greed. Big Pharma and the psychiatric medical cabal have committed the worst of evil against the most vulnerable and helpless of us. They have caused death and untold suffering.

    Thank you, Jon, for all of your effort. I pray that good people will also be “awakened” to this aspect of dark reality. As a victim of this atrocity, I am not a credible witness in the eyes of most. However, I will continue to share this as far and as wide as I am able, as one who is alive by the grace of God and for those who cannot.

  6. Tim says:

    “The chemical-imbalance theory is a fake.”

    There has never been a measurement, of any kind, to show a chemical imbalance. Again, no lab test. If a theory is not testable, it’s not a theory.

  7. Reblogged this on amnesiaclinic and commented:
    Get angry, very angry and share this article far and wide.

  8. Freespirit says:

    ONLY when you understand your own mind can you understand the minds of others.ONLY when you can SOLVE your own problems of the MIND, can you solve the “Mind” problems of others.

    What is my QUALIFICATION? Other than my silly useless degree, I have 78 YEARS of learning my own mind and solving my own problems – SUCCESSFULLY.

    THAT is REAL Psychiatry

    • truth1 says:

      Yes and real psychiatry means internal honesty, which also means being able to admit things against one’s self. It was once said, to thine own self be true. Most “patients” are patients because they do not want the truth about themselves so that they could fix themselves. So psychiatrists will never have a shortage of “customers.” I should have been a psychiatrist. They are never unemployed. and it they are unethical (could they be otherwise?), then they might get laid, too , , , and get paid for it. Memberships has its privileges.

  9. truth1 says:

    Jon has it right. I read a bunch of Thomas Szasz books in the early to mid 90s. He says the same, that psychiatry and psychology are frauds with no scientific basis and no possibility of a scientific basis. So why do these get so much support from paying customers?

    Snake oil Salesmen never try to sell to anyone who does not believe in snake oil and its “curative” effects. He only sells to Believers! So what is it that therapists really sell and promote? Its easy! They sell themselves and they soothe the customer, I mean, patient, and tell the patient that he/she is OK and should love themselves and that they wonderful people. In essence, Love bombing like cults and phony religions do all the time, for a brief time at least, till they got ya hooked.

    And something that therapists would never dream of doing is telling the person they could look at themselves and improve themselves so that they will be more attractive to other humans and get better results by changing strategies, and tactics, and methods and ways of thinking and looking at things.

    These will send a patient (paying customer) flying out the door, never to return. Patients do not want the truth or or effective lasting solutions and behaviors. not for a second. They are fine the way they are. They just want to be told what what they want to hear. That everybody else is the problem.

    So the drug dealer, I mean, therapist, will prescribe a drug (and get a kick back from the drug company maker) that will make them feel better . . . until the mind recognizes the trick and adapts the drug input to work less effective, beginning the cycle of spiraling addiction. After which the drug companies further reward the pushers.

    In this respect, there is no difference between drug gang distribution and psychiatric distribution, except in the eyes of the law . . . maybe 😉

    So the truth is that the real reason for Psychiatry and psychology is to give the government an excuse to say, therapists know better than patients AND citizens, what is goof for you or not. And freedom is bad. guns are bad, Free speech is bad. Teaching kids is bad and parents suck at it . . . Well, OK, that one might be right 90% of the time. but this is not about abilities. Its about rights, not ability or brains, or otherwise, we would have no government at all. We wouldn’t want that, would we? Well, I confess, it sounds very exciting to me, but the government says i am bad, too. I can’t get a break.

    So we have to preserve our therapeutic gods that we might eternally protect and preserve the bullies and their power over us. On 2nd thought, maybe I will try some of those drugs . . .

  10. From Quebec says:

    Fake psychiatric drugs to cure fake so-called mental disorders.

    Fake vaccines to cure fake viruses..

    False flags to initiate fake wars

    Fake news to brainwash you


    Everything is fake.

    • Theodore says:

      So true, Q!

    • John says:

      Fake fact checkers used to authenticate the lie. That is the new leftist spiel, creating fake fact checking sites to affirm their propaganda, have you noticed this new leftist talking point?

      God I have come to loathe snopes so much, the site is a joke, a leftist propaganda machine.

    • truth1 says:

      Very good points.

    • JB says:

      Fakery is substitution (and solicitation of collusion);

      “…when people subjected to drastic change find only meager opportunities for action or when
      they cannot, or are not allowed to, attain self-confidence and self-esteem by individual pursuits. In this case, the hunger for confidence, for worth, and for balance directs itself toward the attainment of substitutes. The substitute for self-confidence is faith; the substitute for self-esteem is pride; and the substitute for individual balance is fusion with others into a compact group.

      It needs no underlining that this reaching out for substitutes means trouble. In the chemistry of the soul, a substitute is almost always explosive if for no other reason than that we can never have enough of it. We can never have enough of that which we really do not want. What we want is justified self-confidence and self-esteem. If we cannot have the originals, we can never have enough of the substitutes. We can be satisfied with moderate confidence in ourselves and with a moderately good opinion of ourselves, but the faith we have in a holy cause has to be extravagant and uncompromising, and the pride we derive from an identification with a nation, race, leader, or party is extreme and overbearing. The fact that a substitute can never become an organic part of ourselves makes our holding on to it passionate and intolerant.

      To sum up: When a population undergoing drastic change is without abundant opportunities for individual action and self-advancement, it develops a hunger for faith, pride, and unity. It becomes receptive to all manner of proselytizing, and is eager to throw itself into collective
      undertakings which aim at “showing the world.” In other words, drastic change, under certain conditions, creates a proclivity for fanatical attitudes, united action, and spectacular manifestations of flouting and defiance; it creates an atmosphere of revolution. We are usually told that revolutions are set in motion to realize radical changes. Actually, it is drastic change which sets the stage for revolution. The revolutionary mood and temper are generated by the irritations, difficulties, hungers, and frustrations inherent in the realization of drastic change.”–The Ordeal of Change pp5-6 Eric Hoffer

      Witness how many passionate and intolerant people hanging out on Facebook, You Tube, Twitter. Yes, the world world is full of fakery.

      • truth1 says:

        Excellent points made. I especially appreciate good insightful comments such as those that you and Quebec made. Yours really nailed the revolution vs change relationship. Thank you.

  11. Reblogged this on AfterHollywood and commented:
    Psychiatry is a living hell with hundreds of anti-depression drugs that cause negative suicidal thoughts.

  12. Hello Jon. I would like your opinion on the following: People suffered bacterial infections prior to the discovery of microscopic organisms. Symptoms were observed and clearly described. Conditions of bacterial infection existed despite (a) the cause/mechanism being unknown, and (b) the absence of scientific diagnostic tests.

  13. “Hero” is a much better word to use in this context, Jon

    The work Breggin does is heroic. No one can dispute that. They might not like him. He may be a venerable pain in the ass to his adversaries, but he is a hero nonetheless.


  14. chefjemichel says:

    The Rights issue inspired me to begin researching that. I had to narrow my search to California (at least for starters) So far this is what I found:

    The Right to Refuse Antipsychotic Medication

    The rights of involuntarily detained mentally disordered people in California are scrupulously protected by the Lanterman–Petris–Short Act.  (§ 5000 et seq., hereinafter LPS;  Keyhea v. Rushen, supra, 178 Cal.App.3d at p. 534, 223 Cal.Rptr. 746.) … (Thorn v. Superior Court (1970) 1 Cal.3d 666, 668, 83 Cal.Rptr. 600, 464 P.2d 56;  see § 5001.)

  15. Sam says:

    Very good article, good information. I have travelled the “psyche meds” road myself, took meds off and on over several years. Looking back on those times I can see they did little, if anything, to help me. The last go-round with meds resulted in taking myself off the meds. During an appointment I told the doctor I was dealing with (just thought, “dealing”, a pun?) I wanted to get off the meds, and they told me “they” didn’t do that anymore. I asked what they meant by that, and I was told by the doctor that once you were on the meds you were on them for the rest of your life. When I heard that I thought to myself, I will not take this stuff for the rest of my life. After that encounter I cancelled my following appointment, and started backing off the meds, VERY slowly. It took several months to get completely off the meds, but when I was off meds for about a month I could tell they had me sedated. During an interview with a social worker some time after I related this story to them, and they were shocked, and said they had never heard of anything like that before, meaning they had never heard of a doctor saying someone would be taking meds for the rest of their life. I told the social worker about realizing the meds had me sedated, and I said that being in an altered state of consciousness is not acceptable to me.

    Before I took myself off the meds I became concerned about the side effects I may be open to from the meds. About that time some information came up on the internet about this, and after I had been off the meds for awhile, some information on the internet also pointed out that some people may have experienced damage from psyche meds. I had to wonder if that is what had happened to me. I mentioned to someone I know I may be brain damaged, and they laughed and said I was high function damaged.

    Years ago I heard someone, who was a sales rep for a pharmaceutical company, say doctors get kickbacks from the prescriptions they write. This is something I had suspected for some time, even before I heard this, but that was confirmation. It came into better focus hearing this.

    I am currently reading the book, “The Vitamin Cure For Depression” by Bo H. Jonsson and Andrew W. Saul. Very interesting. I also have the book “Niacin The Real Story” by Abram Hoffer, Andrew W. Saul, and Harold Foster. I became aware of these books, to begin with, by way of a comment to an article on another web site. Also, the site has reviews of these, and other books, plus a huge amount of very interesting information.

    For those who have been down the “depression” road, you know how miserable it can be, but there are some ways to make it better, without toxic meds. I hope this information is helpful to anyone having problems such as this.

  16. Shazbac says:

    Excellent article. Thank you Jon. Please keep up the great work.

  17. Ed says:

    While recovering from an auto accident, I was given Trazodone, prescribed off label as a sleep aid and wasn’t told that I was being given an SSRI. It caused me to be confused, to start crying over nothing, and to have very vivid and bizarre dreams.

    It also caused me to be unable to go for more than an hour or so without having to urinate, which completely negated any “sleep aid” properties it might have been supposed to have.

    Released after4 months, I went home and reviewed the prescriptions I was taking. When I read about Trazodone I immediately stopped taking it despite the warning that it should be gradually reduced. The emotional trouble and the dreams stopped within days, but the effect on my urinary tract has never corrected itself and that side effect seems permanent.

    I still sleep only two hours, at most, before being awakened by the urgent need to urinate an ounce or so of urine. This SSRI has wrecked my health, though I stopped taking it nearly three years ago. I haven’t had a solid night’s sleep since it was foisted off on me in a hospital.

  18. NOLR History says:

    Here are some references that provide historical links between Freud, and how the Lurian Kabbalah was used to form his occult science of psychoanalysis:

    Thomas S. Szasz. Anti-Freud: Karl Kraus’s Criticism of Psychoanalysis and Psychiatry (Syracuse University Press, 1990).

    Martin & Deidre Bobgan. “Psychotherapy Is Psychoheresy!” PsychoHeresy Awareness Letter, Vol.25, No.6 (Nov-Dec 2017).

    Freud & Occult, Kabbalah, etc.
    Psychoanalytic Dialogues: The International Journal of Relational Perspectives

    David Livingstone. “The Holiness of Sin: Freud, the Frankfurt School and the Kabbalah”
    Sept. 19, 2013

    Freud and the Kabbalah

    Psychological Perspectives: A Quarterly Journal of Jungian Thought
    V.55, Iss.2 (2012) – C.G. Jung and the Kabbalah

    Berke, Joseph H.; Stanley Schneider. Centers of Power: The Convergence of Psychoanalysis and Kabbalah (New York, NY: Jason Aronson, 2008).

    Berke, Joseph H. The Hidden Freud: His Hassidic Roots. (London: Karnac, 2015).

    “The hidden Chasidic roots of Sigmund Freud: The founder of psychoanalysis famously rejected religion — but that masks a more complex background, says the author of a new book”, July 16, 2015.

  19. artfromperry says:

    They have recently ‘invented’ new disorders to treat “blind people” and to treat those who work shift work (working nights instead of days etc). Have you read about the recent , “NON-24”? Blind people do not have a psychiatric disorder. They can’t see, and society shouldn’t be labeling them with a disorder just because they can’t see, and the same thing goes with the night workers in our society . It is weird, almost like they want to put everyone and anyone on drugs. Just say no. Just an opinion, that’s all.

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